• On this day in 1964, the President made Remarks on the Proposed Redwoods National Park in Northern California.

    ’Many of the standing redwood forests are in jeopardy from flooding and fire and plans for highway construction. More than 500 redwoods were lost in 1 year.

    ’Last year the National Geographic Society discovered in a secluded grove of coast redwoods the world’s three tallest trees—the tallest standing 367 feet. Here is a picture of it back here.

    ’Now a preliminary report from the National Park Service and the National Geographic Society indicates there remains a last-chance opportunity for the United States. This Nation can protect these redwoods by creating a great and unique national park in one area of Northern California. I have directed Secretary Udall to prepare a plan for a redwoods national park and to have it ready for presentation to the Congress next January.

    ’I have expressed my concern and determination to save our countrysides. I know of no better place to begin than in this work of saving the majestic redwood forests of the American West.

    ’I would especially like to commend the National Geographic Society and the Sierra Club, the Save the Redwoods League, and other such fine organizations for the unselfish efforts they have made in this work. Secretary Udall will direct the Park Service to proceed with their study and will report back to the President at the beginning of the year. And, assuming that report is a favorable one, we will give serious consideration to making the appropriation recommendations to Congress in the next session.’

  • On this day in 1965, President Johnson spoke in San Francisco at the 20th Anniversary Commemorative Session of the United Nations.

  • On this day in 1967, President Johnson returned to Glassboro, New Jersey, for the conclusion of the Glassboro Summit Conference with Soviet Chairman Aleksei Kosygin. In the evening, President Johnson flew to Washington, D.C., and addressed the American people on live television.

    ’You will not be surprised to know that these two meetings have not solved all of our problems. On some we have made progress—great progress—in reducing misunderstanding, I think, and in reaffirming our common commitment to seek agreement.

    ’I think we made that kind of progress, for example, on the question of arms limitation. We have agreed this afternoon that Secretary of State Rusk and Mr. Gromyko will pursue this subject further in New York in the days ahead.

    ’I must report that no agreement is readily in sight on the Middle Eastern crisis, and that our well known differences over Vietnam continue. Yet even on these issues I was very glad to hear the Chairman’s views face-to-face and to have a chance to tell him directly and in detail just what our purposes and our policies are and are not in these particular areas. The Chairman, I believe, made a similar effort with me.

    ’When nations have deeply different positions, as we do on these issues, they do not come to agreement merely by improving their understanding of each other’s views. But such improvement helps.

    ’Sometimes in such discussions you can find elements—beginnings—hopeful fractions of common ground—even within a general disagreement. It was so in the Middle East two weeks ago when we agreed on the need for a prompt cease-fire, and it is so today in respect to such simple propositions as that every state has a right to live, that there should be an end to the war in the Middle East, and that in the right circumstances there should be withdrawal of troops.

    ’This is a long way from agreement, but it is a long way, also, from total difference.

    ’On Vietnam, the area of agreement is smaller. It is defined by the fact that the dangers and the difficulties of any one area must never be allowed to become a cause of wider conflict. Yet, even in Vietnam I was able to make it very clear, with no third party between us, that we will match and we will outmatch every step to peace that others may be ready to take.

    ’As I warned on Friday, and as I just must warn again on this Sunday afternoon, meetings like these do not themselves make peace in the world. We must all remember that there have been many meetings before, and they have not ended all of our troubles or all of our dangers.

    ’But I can also repeat on this Sunday afternoon another thing that I said on last Friday: that it does help a lot to sit down and look at a man right in the eye and try to reason with him—particularly if he is trying to reason with you.

    ’We may have differences and difficulties ahead, but I think they will be lessened and not increased by our new knowledge of each other.

    ’Chairman Kosygin and I have agreed that the leaders of our two countries will keep in touch in the future through our able Secretaries and Ambassadors and also keep in touch directly.

    ’I said on Friday that the world is very small and very dangerous. Tonight, I believe that it is fair to say that these days at Hollybush have made it a little smaller still but also a little less dangerous.’